Energy Resources


Greenhouse Gas Protocol and Accounting Tool

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http://www.wineinstitute.org/ghgprotocol

The International Wine Industry Greenhouse Gas Protocol and Accounting Tool, developed through a partnership between the Wine Institute of California, New Zealand Winegrowers, South Africa's Integrated Production of Wine program, and the Winemakers' Federation of Australia, was developed for use by the global wine industry. The goal of the project partners was to provide a free, easy-to-use, wine industry specific, greenhouse gas (GHG) protocol and calculator that will measure the carbon footprints of winery and vineyard operations of all sizes. 

Emerging Cap-and-Trade Programs

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http://www.cawg.org/images/stories/pdf/cap_and_trade_handout_final.pdf

An educational handout with an overivew of potential opportunities for agriculture in emerging cap-and-trade programs by the California Association of Winegrape Growers.

Overview of Energy Challenges/Opportunities

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National

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American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy
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This site provides links to updated rebate programs, news, conferences and important studies on energy efficiency in agriculture. http://www.aceee.org/industry/agriculture.htm

National Sustainable Agriculture Information Service
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This site provides an enormous amount of information on sustainable agriculture. This particular page provides a very informative overview of energy issues and agriculture while providing documents on specific topics such as biodiesel. A large selection of reference links organized by topic. http://attra.ncat.org/energy.html

State

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Public Interest Energy Research
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A very good overview of the energy use and agriculture in California. This site includes a detailed issues and challenges section that provides a link between water consumption and energy use. http://www.pierminigrid.org/

California Energy Commission Energy in Agriculture
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This site provides direct links on energy efficiency in topic areas such as field equipment, irrigation and food processing. http://www.energy.ca.gov/process/agriculture

PG&E

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Electric Time-of-Use Energy Bill
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This site provides a sample energy bill and defines how to read it to get the most information about use and rates. http://www.pge.com/mybusiness/myaccount/explanationofbill/etoub/

PG&E Business Site
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This site provides links to all of PG&E's services and resources that are designed to help businesses with their energy needs. http://www.pge.com/biz/

Winery-Specific

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"Assessing and Reducing Energy Needs"
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Wine Institute Highlight Newsletter August 2002. http://www.wineinstitute.org/files/EnergyEfficiencyAug2002.pdf

Energy Efficiency Programs

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National

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Alliance to Save Energy
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The Alliance to Save Energy promotes energy efficiency worldwide to achieve a healthier economy, a cleaner environment, and greater energy security. They offer an Industrial Energy Efficiency Clearinghouse, with an introduction to technologies, management strategies, training and financing opportunities available to industrial energy users. http://www.ase.org/

PG&E

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Energy Evaluation and Planning

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Federal

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"Presenting an Energy Efficiency Project to Management"
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Energy Matters Newsletter, Winter 2003. U.S. Department of Energy. http://www.eere.energy.gov/industry/bestpractices/energymatters/articles.cfm/article_id=59

PG&E

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Energy Audits by Experts
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PG&E webpage. Information on different options available for energy audits.

http://www.pge.com/mybusiness/energysavingsrebates/analyzer/expertaudit/index.shtml

Winery-Specific

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"Benefits of Energy Auditing for Your Winery"
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Practical Winery & Vineyard Magazine, May/June 2005. Look under "Back Issues" on website. http://www.practicalwinery.com/

Carbon Calculator Tool

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http://www.pge.com/carbonfootprint

Use PG&E's new carbon calculator to measure your "carbon footprint" - a measure of your impact on the environment, in terms of the carbon dioxide emitted as a result of your daily activity.

Conservation and Efficiency Improvements - Case Studies

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Winery-Specific

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"Assessing and Reducing Energy Needs"
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Wine Institute Highlight Newsletter, August 2002. http://www.wineinstitute.org/files/EnergyEfficiencyAug2002.pdf

"Developing an Action Plan"
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Wine Institute Highlight Newsletter, April 2004. http://www.wineinstitute.org/files/ActionPlanApril04Revised.pdf

"Looking to the sun for renewable energy"
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Practical Winery & Vineyard Magazine, January/February 2004. The article covers solar energy installations and benefits in several different California wineries. Check "Back Issues" on website. http://www.practicalwinery.com/

Powerlight: Solar Electric Systems Case Studies
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Case Studies at Rodney Strong Vineyards, Domaine Carneros, Fetzer Vineyards, St. Francis Winery & Vineyards. http://www.sunpowercorp.com/For-Businesses/Case-Studies/Agriculture.aspx

Sonoma Wine Company Case Study

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http://www.sustainablewinegrowing.org/docs/cswa_may07_swc_article.pdf

Wine Business Monthly article on Sonoma Wine Company's energy improvements.

Energy Efficiency Methods

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National

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Energy Use/Costs for Pumping
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WaterRight provides this advisory to operators of water pumps. The purpose of this advisory is to provide a brief description of how energy use and costs for pumping can be estimated, help identify options for reducing energy use and cost and explain how a pump test is conducted and where to go to get a pump test. In addition, this site provides a calculator for estimating pumping costs and required power. http://www.wateright.org/site2/advisories/energy.asp

Information on certified energy efficient HVAC systems
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This site provides useful information including how to determine if you should repair or replace a system, helpful tips for finding the right contractor, and a checklist for maintaining your equipment. http://www.energystar.gov/index.cfm?c=heat_cool.pr_hvac

Industrial Technology Program
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Resources cover energy technologies and processes such as motors, pumps, process heating, steam systems, and compressed air. http://www1.eere.energy.gov/industry/bestpractices/

Federal

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OIT Best Practices
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BestPractices, a program of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Industrial Technologies (OIT), works with industry to identify plant-wide opportunities for energy savings and process efficiency. http://www1.eere.energy.gov/industry/bestpractices/
Steam--http://www1.eere.energy.gov/industry/bestpractices/steam.html

State

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Building Energy Efficiency Standards, California Energy Commission
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http://www.energy.ca.gov/title24/index.html

Energy in Agriculture Program, California Energy Commission
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Sponsored by the California Energy Commission this site provides a clearing-house of efficiency information tailored to California industry. You will find technical information, descriptions of successful energy/efficiency programs, financing information and links to other useful sites. http://www.energy.ca.gov/process/agriculture/index.html
See their excellent publications and resources at: http://www.energy.ca.gov/process/agriculture/index.html

PG&E

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Energy Reduction Action Plan for Agriculture and Refrigeration Customers
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This PG&E site provides "no-cost", "low-cost" and "invest" options in a useful matrix that shows the monthly energy item, the recommended action to be taken and the anticipated savings. http://www.pge.com/mybusiness/energysavingsrebates/incentivesbyindustry/agriculture/wineries/ 

Energy Reduction Action Plan for Waste Water Treatment Customers
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This PG&E site provides "no-cost", "low-cost" and "invest" options in a useful matrix that shows the monthly energy item, the recommended action to be taken and the anticipated savings. http://www.pge.com/mybusiness/energysavingsrebates/incentivesbyindustry/wastewater/ 

Farm Energy Search Tool

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http://attra.ncat.org/attra-pub/farm_energy/search.php

Developed with funding from the USDA Risk Management Agency, this search tool makes it easy to find energy-related equipment, funding, and technical assistance in your state.

Renewable Energy

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National

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Renewable Energy Policy Project and CREST (Center for Renewable Energy and Sustainable Technology)
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Excellent web site devoted to policy discussions regarding Renewable Energy as well as providing resources on specific renewable energies such as Biofuels, Solar, Wind, Hydroelectric and Hydrogen. http://www.repp.org/

Biodiesel Research Papers
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Leon Shumacher Ph.D. is a professor in the University of Missouri's Department of Agricultural Engineering who has developed an expertise in Biofuels. This collection of research articles relates to the use of biodiesel as an alternative fuel for diesel engines. http://web.missouri.edu/~schumacherl/biofuel.html

Benefits of biodiesel
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This page contains good explanations about the benefits of biodiesel that are not usually considered. These include: Employee Health and Workman's Compensation Savings, Improved Engine Longevity, Safer to Handle than Petroleum Diesel and Easy Transition. http://www.pacfuel.com/benefits.htm

Biodiesel emissions
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Biodiesel burns significantly cleaner than petroleum-diesel #2 and emits virtually no sulfur, the primary cancer-causing agent in diesel fuel. This page contains a good chart comparing biodiesel emissions to diesel fuel. http://www.pacfuel.com/emissions.htm

Wind Power
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This is a web site by Windustry, the Wind Farmer's Network. This site contains news, wind project calculator, updates on the Farm Bill and additional resource links. http://www.windustry.com/farmbill/default.htm

Gas Absorption
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Definition of a gas absorption refrigerator: The process is very efficient, since the gas turbine produces electricity, hot water and air-conditioning, using the waste heat from the turbine to heat the water or run the chiller. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gas_absorption_refrigerator

Microturbine Generators
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Good article about cogeneration and the use of microturbine generators.
http://www.nrel.gov/analysis/power_databook/docs/pdf/db_chapter02_microturb.pdf

Electric Tractors
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This site compares electric tractors and conventional tractors. http://www.renewables.com/Permaculture/ElectricTractor.htm

Federal

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Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Network (EREN)
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This is the United States Department of Energy's comprehensive resource for energy efficiency and renewable energy information. http://www.eere.energy.gov/

National Renewable Energy Laboratory
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The U.S. Department of Energy's laboratory for renewable energy and energy efficiency research & development. http://www.nrel.gov/

Alternative Fuels Data Center (AFDC)
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The Alternative Fuels Data Center is a one-stop shop for alternative fuel and vehicle information needs. This site has more than 3,000 documents in its database, an interactive fuel station mapping system, listings of available alternative fuel vehicles and links to related Web sites. http://www.eere.energy.gov/afdc/

Winery-Specific

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"Looking to the sun for renewable energy"
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Practical Winery & Vineyard Magazine, January/February 2004. The article covers solar energy installations and benefits in several different California wineries. Look under "Back Issues" on website. http://www.practicalwinery.com/

Incentive Policies and Rebate Programs

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Federal

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Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQUIP), USDA / Natural Resources Conservation Service
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Reauthorized in the 2002 Farm Bill to provide a voluntary conservation program for farmers and ranchers that promotes agricultural production and environmental quality as compatible national goals. EQIP offers:

  • Financial and technical assistance for eligible participants to install or implement structural and management practices on eligible agricultural lands.
  • Contracts providing incentive payments and cost-shares to implement conservation practices with a minimum one-year and maximum ten-year term.
  • Maximum of $450,000 for all EQIP contracts entered during the term of the Farm Bill.
Eligible farmers and ranchers may apply for EQIP program benefits at any time. For additional application information, go to www.nrcs.usda.gov/programs/eqip
Program contacts: David Webster, EQIP Specialist, 202.720.5742, david.webster@usda.gov
Edward Brzostek, EQIP Specialist, 202.720.1834, edward.brzostek@usda.gov

Small Business Innovation & Research (SBIR), U.S. EPA, Region 9 Grants
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EPA and eleven other federal agencies provide funding (not grants) through SBIR to small businesses - "for profit" organizations with less than 500 employees, independently owned and operated - for environmental innovation and to strengthen the role of small businesses in Federally-funded research and development. In 2005, deadline was May 25, Phase 1 contracts (especially for scientific merit and technical feasibility of innovative ideas) were for up to $70,000, and Phase 2 contracts were for up to $225,000 for 2 years. No match required.
For more information visit: http://es.epa.gov/ncer/sbir/
Program contact: Marsha Johnson, 919.541.0952, johnson.marsha@epa.gov

Value-Added Producer Grant Program, USDA
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Grants may be used for planning activities and working capital for marketing value-added agricultural products and for farm-based renewable energy. Eligible applicants are independent producers, farmer and rancher cooperatives, agricultural producer groups, and majority-controlled producer-based business ventures. 2002 Farm Bill authorized USDA to provide $40,000,000 per year over the next six years to producers or producer groups that engage in value-added ag operations. For more information about the program, contact your State Rural Development Office to obtain additional information and assistance.
For additional application information, go to http://www.rurdev.usda.gov/rbs/coops/vadg.htm
Program contacts: Karen Spatz, USDA Rural Development, (530) 792-5829, karen.spatz@ca.usda.gov

State

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PG&E

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PG&E Rebates for Business Customers
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This site provides information on rebate programs for lighting, refrigeration, HVAC and gas.

http://www.pge.com/mybusiness/energysavingsrebates/rebatesincentives/ 

PG&E's Agricultural Rebates Catalogue
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Energy Efficiency Rebates for Your Business, Pacific Gas & Electric Company

Winery-Specific

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"Wineries offered rebates for energy efficiency"
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Practical Winery & Vineyard Magazine, September/October 2004. Article uses case studies to show various areas where rebates are available. Look under "Back Issues" on website. http://www.practicalwinery.com/septoct04/septoct04p39.htm